Risk Factors

Risk factors are the things that make you more susceptible to developing cardiovascular disease.

There are a number of risk factors that can lead to the development of heart disease and stroke. Some of these risk factors can be changed, such as your lifestyle, the amount of exercise you take and the food you eat. However, some cannot be changed such as age and genetics or family history.

The good news is that research has shown that 90 per cent of risk factors for heart disease can be controlled.

Below you will see a number of videos on the main risk factors for heart disease and stroke, as well as advice and information on what you can do to reduce your risk.

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Introduction to Risk Factors

In this section we discuss the risk factors and the lifestyle changes you can make to reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke.

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Smoking and your Heart

• Damaging effects of smoking on your heart
• Benefits of quitting smoking
• Where to get support

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• Saturated Fats and Trans Fats
• Lipoproteins – LDL and HDL
• How to improve your cholesterol level

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Understanding your Weight

• BMI and waist circumference
• Factors that influence what we eat
• Tips to maintain a healthy weight

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Weight Management

• Realistic advice on losing weight
• Setting a realistic target
• Tips for healthy eating

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Alcohol Consumption

• Alcohol allowance limits
• Effects of too much alcohol on your heart
• Resource to help you drink less

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High Blood Pressure

• What is blood pressure
• Understanding a blood pressure reading
• Managing your blood pressure

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• What is diabetes
• Diabetes and heart disease
• Complications of diabetes

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Physical Activity

• Physical activity and your heart
• National physical activity guidelines
• Recommendations

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• What is stress
• Managing your stress levels
• Coping with stress

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